|Central African Republic|
The Central African Republic (CAR) has been sliding towards total collapse since 2013. Events in December of that year , which featured an unprecedented surge in violence and chaos, accelerated this downfall, eventually resulting in the resignation of President Djotodia and Prime Minister Tiangaye on 10 January 2014. Even before then, life in CAR was daunting. The 5 December 2013 attack by anti-Balaka militia on Bangui and Bossangoa left a total of 902,000 Central Africans displaced. Gross human rights violations were committed, including killing and maiming, sexual-based violence and looting. The attack provoked the displacement of nearly 500,000 IDPs across the country within one month – the vast majority of them in Bangui. These events triggered the declaration of an inter-agency Level 3 emergency for CAR on 11 December, followed by the deployment of a Senior Humanitarian Coordinator and an upgrading of operational capacity by most humanitarian organizations to ensure a robust response. The 10 January resignation of the President Michel Djotodia, and his Prime Minister, Nicolas Tiangaye left the country with a power vacuum.
As a consequence, the East of the country is totally controlled by the Selekà group and inaccessible; the West has been re-won by the anti-Balakà and access is limited but possible. Movements of population to the capital Bangui and the transit camps in the Airport are still on going, with a flux of average 3-4000 people a day of different ethnic and religious groups. The airport has been divided into 3 different quarters, hosting between 20 and 30000 people. Each quarter host a different group (Christians, Muslims and foreigners, especially Congolese, Chadians, Algerians, Libyans and Sudanese which have been present in the country for years). As the borders of CAR are unguarded, there are movements of trucks from Chad and Congo bringing away nationals. These refugees were in CAR escaping for fear of their lives, so the resettlement is not voluntary and violates the principle of no refoulement.
FSD in CAR
FSD started activities in Bangui in February 2014, with the support of the Swiss Development Cooperation, implementing a Mine Risk Education Campaign.