Tajikistan

In Tajikistan, FSD disposes of obsolete ammunition stockpiles and clears the land of obsolete pesticides buried in the grounds.

deux démineurs de la FSD portent une caisse de matériel de déminage

Tajikistan: Transport of obsolete ammunition for destruction

Why Tajikistan?

In 1991, following the collapse of the Soviet Union, Tajikistan declared its independence and quickly fell into a civil war that lasted until 1997. The country remains to this day the poorest of the former Soviet republics and keeps a heavy legacy of this recent history.

Considerable quantities of obsolete weapons and ammunition remain in circulation, posing a threat to the population as well as to regional security.

The territory is also dotted with anti-personnel mines and explosive remnants of war. Moreover, many stocks of obsolete pesticides, now recognized as toxic, are scattered across the country, migrate in the environment and contaminate the food chain.

“At the time, we did not know the pesticides stored in our village were toxic…”

Mounawar, resident of Oykamar

Environment 

Environmental remediation

In the 1950s and 1960s, pesticides were distributed en masse, almost free of charge, to increase agricultural production. The collapse of the USSR left massive stocks unmanaged and unprotected. Since then, these obsolete pesticides, predominantly DDT, have started to penetrate the environment. FSD identifies affected areas and works on their remediation. ‍

tas de terre irradié à l'Uranium

Mine action

Weapons and ammunition disposal

For almost 20 years, FSD has managed a project to eliminate obsolete stockpiles of ordnance and small arms and ammunition. These stocks are dangerous as they can cause accidental explosions or be used for the production of homemade explosive devices. More than 820 tonnes of weapons and ammunition have been destroyed by FSD in Tajikistan, as well as about 50 portable anti-aircraft rockets.

explosion-of-mines

FSD in Tajikistan

FSD’s presence in Tajikistan dates back to 2003, with the implementation of a mine action program supported by the US State Department. In 15 years, the organization’s deminers have released more than 11 million square meters of land back to communities. The Tajik government estimates the surface area remaining to be cleared at 14 million square meters. However, donor funding for Tajikistan is scarce and there are insufficient demining teams in-country to be able to meet current Ottawa Treaty Obligations. FSD’s second project in Tajikistan, which started in 2016, involves cleaning up land contaminated with obsolete pesticides dating from the Soviet era. In partnership with the United Nations Environment Program, FSD has identified priority sites and initiated measures to remediate contaminated soils and raise awareness among affected populations. Long-term exposure to these “persistent organic pollutants” has been correlated with a series of negative health effects, ranging from problems with the nervous, immune, reproductive and endocrine systems, to various types of birth defects and of cancers. Note that FSD’s demining operations in neighbouring Afghanistan are carried out cross border from an operational HQ located in Tajikistan, in the border town of Kalaikhum.

centimetre by centimetre

In 2020, our deminers cleared 3.2 km² , an area equivalent to the City of London. This work requires constant concentration despite the sometimes extreme working conditions.

We are at your service

Do you have any questions about our work on the field, about fundraising or about how your donations are used?
Our team is at your disposal.

un homme avec son équipement antimines

Click on the button below to get answers to the most frequently asked questions.
Please contact us if you cannot find what you are looking for.

contact us

info@fsd.ch

+41 22 731 14 79

Donors service

donors@fsd.ch

+41 22 562 41 92

un homme avec son équipement antimines

News from the field

FSD, it’s them.
Every day, they put their courage and expertise to work to make the world a safer place. Read the testimonials and stories from our employees around the world.

Machine gun ammunition at the waste dump

Machine gun ammunition at the waste dump

In eastern Ukraine, the poverty caused by the armed conflict has led many people to collect and sell scrap metal to earn a little more money. This is a risky activity, which exposes them to landmines and unexploded ordnance. One day someone brought me an old bucket...

Deminer’s anecdotes

Deminer’s anecdotes

Some time ago, FSD was invited to visit a sixth-grade class at the Florimont Institute in Geneva to talk to students about humanitarian demining. After the presentation, the children asked questions which were recorded and passed on to our deminers in the field. This...

Pastor and risk education volunteer

Pastor and risk education volunteer

" I take advantage of my sermons to talk about unexploded ordnance " Joselito Remedios, 54, is a pastor and an explosive ordnance risk education provider. For the past year, he has been a member of the Fondation suisse de déminage (FSD)’s volunteer team in the...

your support is precious

Demining is a technical and time-consuming task that requires a sustained commitment over time. Want to help make the world a safer place?

 

Join our 7000 private donors!

Our activities

Our humanitarian programs focus on four main areas. 

1-MINES

mine action

FSD locates and clears mines and unexploded ordnance, provides explosive ordnance risk education and assists survivors of accidental explosions.

2-RELEVEMENT

recovery & stability

FSD supports ongoing peace processes in various countries and provides socio-economic support to communities.
3-PROTECTION-

Environmental protection

FSD remediates sites contaminated by toxic substances from the past, including obsolete pesticide stocks and mining waste.
4-INNOVATION-

innovation &
technology

FSD collaborates on research & innovation projects aiming to use new technologies, such as drones, in mine action.