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Mine action

Mine action is the core mission of FSD. It encompasses five pillars: demining, stockpile destruction, risk education, mine victim assistance and advocacy. FSD is active in the first four pillars.


One of FSD demining team prepares the equipment and material for the day’s operations (Iraq, 2019)

Every day, people are killed or maimed
by remnants of explosive ordnance from past wars.

These devices include anti-personnel and anti-tank mines, which have been knowingly laid by parties to a conflict, but also all ammunition left behind that did not explode as intended. The “failure rate” can reach 25%. As a consequence, landmines and explosive remnants of war continue to kill while the armed conflict has been over for sometimes decades.

Another source of danger for civilians are abandoned stockpiles which are stocks of arms and ammunition, they can cause accidental explosions. They can also be looted and used in the manufacture of improvised mines.

Mine action


Demining includes: the neutralisation and disposal of explosive devices; the preliminary surveys aimed at determining the location of contaminated areas; the mapping and marking of these areas.

To date, FSD deminers have identified and destroyed nearly 1.4 million mines and unexploded ordnance. An area equivalent to more than four times the city of Paris.

Current operations
Iraqi deminer trained to the use of a detector
Mine action

Stockpile destruction

Some countries retain large quantities of old weapons and obsolete ammunition, often stored in inadequate conditions. Chemical reactions between the components, the storage environment and human interactions can give rise to spontaneous ignitions, dangerous for the surrounding populations and for the environment.

To date, FSD has already destroyed 117 tons of obsolete weapons and ammunition.


Current operation
Preparation for a controlled explosion of obsolete weapons and ammunition in Tajikistan
Mine action

Risk education

Mine clearance is a long and arduous work. Until the land is safe, the best way to prevent accidents is to educate people living near contaminated areas of the risks of explosive ordnance so they can adopt a safe behaviour.

Through presentations in villages and schools, more than 2.7 million people, most of them children, have learned to spot mines and unexploded ordnance and know what to do to stay safe when confronted to this danger.


Current operations
Mine risk education sign in the Philippines
Mine action

Victim assistance

Mine victim assistance is not limited to emergency care and medical treatment. It also includes measures to improve the social, economic and psychologic situation of mine survivors and their families.

FSD intervenes more particularly on this aspect, by means of personalized interventions allowing for instance mine victims to access professional activities which corresponds to their disability.


Current operation
Mine accident survivor, Afghanistan
Mine action

Capacity building

Mine action programmes are often implemented quickly after the end of a conflict, in countries still severely affected by years of conflicts. Coordination is then assumed by international NGOs or the United Nations.

The aim, however, is for the governments of the countries concerned to be able to take responsibility for mine action operations as soon as possible.

In this context, FSD helps to strengthen the skills of the national authorities to enable them to coordinate mine action on their territory autonomously and efficiently.


Current operations
Capacity building with SHO, FSD's partner in Iraq
Our impact

In 2021, our teams have educated more than 45,000 children of the risks of mines and unexploded ordnance in Ukraine, Iraq, Afghanistan and in the Philippines.

Our activities

Our humanitarian programmes focus on four main areas.

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Mine action

FSD locates and clears mines and unexploded ordnance, provides explosive ordnance risk education and assists survivors of accidental explosions.

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Recovery & stability

FSD supports ongoing peace processes in various countries and provides socio-economic support to communities.

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FSD remediates sites contaminated by toxic pollutants inherited from the past and act to promote biodiversity and resilience to face climate change. 

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Innovation & technology

FSD collaborates on research projects aiming to put new technologies, such as drones, at the service of mine action.


Where is FSD currently working in Ukraine? What does a landmine look like? Answers to your questions, once a month.

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Iraqi deminer trained to the use of a detector