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FSD has been active in the country since 2001. The organisation has several demining, risk education and mine victim assistance teams.

Survivor of an accidental antipersonnel mine explosion, Rahmi

Survivor of a landmine accident, Rahmi Ali (on the left) has benefited from the help of FSD to resume an activity compatible with its disability: beekeeping (Afghanistan, 2018)


Afghanistan is one of the countries most contaminated by mines and explosive remnants of war, legacy of nearly four decades of armed conflict.

The remote region of Badakhshan, in which FSD operates, in the northeast of the country, represents 15% of the contaminated territory and many mine accidents occur in the area. In this region isolated from the rest of the country by a mountain range, the access is limited for international aid.

Often involved in accidents: “butterfly” mines, those green plastic devices dropped by Soviet helicopters during the conflict against the moujahedin in the 1980s. More than one million butterfly mines are believed to remain in the country.

For some children, the only option is to cross mined areas to reach school.

Said Omar

School Director in the Darwaz region


Mine clearance

In the Badakhshan Mountains, FSD deminers locate and destroy anti-personnel mines and explosive ordnance, remnants from the Soviet occupation.

Almost 3 million square metres of former battlefields and minefields have so far been cleared. This involved the neutralisation of more than 42 000 explosive devices.

Medical staff of a demining team in Afghanistan

Risk education

In areas not yet cleared, FSD teams teach the populations how to recognize dangerous devices and how to react if they come across such an item to avoid incidents. Amongst the most vulnerable groups are herders and children. 

More than 100 000 Afghans have thus been educated of the risks of explosive ordnance during sessions in villages, schools and pastures. 

Mine risk education in a school, Afghanistan

Mine victim assistance

Since 2018, FSD, alongside with the local communities, has been evaluating the needs of survivors of mine accidents to provide them with an adapted support. The objective is for them to be able to provide to the needs of their families and to facilitate their socio-economic reintegration. Around 100 victims have already benefited from FSD’s support.

In 2021, FSD teams were also able to facilitate the treatment of 16 mine victims in the CICR hospital in Faizabad.

Mine accident survivor, Afghanistan

FSD in Afghanistan

In 2001, FSD participated in the demining of the Kandahar province, in the south east of the country, mandated by the World Food Program and the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.

About 10 years later, a second demining project was implemented in the Badakhshan province, north east of the country, close to the border with Tajikistan. This project included demining and risk education activities.

This region, characterized by harsh winters and heavy snowfalls is cut off from the rest of Afghanistan by a mountain range. For more than 20 years, FSD’s operations in the region were set up from an operational base on the Tajik territory, in Qal’ai Khumb.

Year after year, during encounters with local communities, FSD teams have realized that many mine victims are in a dire socio-economic situation and don’t receive any assistance. Following a private donation appeal, a programme to support these victims was put in place in 2019. 

In 2022, an operational base was settled in Kunduz, allowing the deployment of demining teams in the region, and in the neighbouring province of Balkh. 

FSD activities in Afghanistan are implemented with the support of the US Department of State, the PATRIP Foundation and other private donors. 


In 2021, our deminers have cleared 8,5 km² , an area equivalent to half of Geneva. This work requires constant concentration despite the sometimes extreme working conditions.

News from Afghanistan

Taj Mir, in the centre of the picture, was injured in a landmine explosion in 2000-FSD

Mine victim assistance

Taj Mir, in the centre of the picture, was injured in a landmine explosion in 2000 in a village near Kunduz, Afghanistan. Schoolteacher, he has suffered from persistent pain ever since and has difficulty moving around […]


1106 mines cleared in 2021

In 2021, FSD deminers have cleared 1106 anti-personnel mines in Badakhshan, Afghanistan. Yet, there are still many contaminated areas where people have to live with these dangerous explosives. […]
Full excavation procedure in Afghanistan-FSD

full excavation in Afghanistan

A deminer has to investigate any signal to a depth of 13 centimetres. Here, this Afghan deminer is working in a soil containing high metal contents, making the detector impossible to use. […]

Our activities

Our humanitarian programmes focus on four main areas.

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Mine action

FSD locates and clears mines and unexploded ordnance, provides explosive ordnance risk education and assists survivors of accidental explosions.

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Recovery & stability

FSD supports ongoing peace processes in various countries and provides socio-economic support to communities.

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FSD remediates sites contaminated by toxic pollutants inherited from the past and act to promote biodiversity and resilience to face climate change. 

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Innovation & technology

FSD collaborates on research projects aiming to put new technologies, such as drones, at the service of mine action.


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Iraqi deminer trained to the use of a detector